I was recently elected a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science for "incisive contributions to hominization theory, the role of nutritional fat in human occupation of high latitudes, and primate evolution." I was the Advisor on Human Evolution, Editorial Board, The Oxford Companion to Archaeology, 2nd ed., 2012. I am currently investigating problems of niche structure and competition in fossil primates with my advisee, Rene Studer-Halbach, who has an internship studying stable isotopes in the enamel of fossil teeth at the Research Laboratory of Archaeology and Art History, Oxford University.
2015. Fossil Primates. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
2006. Primate and Human Evolution. Cambridge Studies in Biological and Evolutionary Anthropology. 488 pp. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press.
In press a. "Evolutionary processes and interpretation of the archaeological record," In: Apocalypse Then and Now, D. Fernandez et al., eds. Calgary: University of Calgary Press.
In press b. "Natural history intelligence and hominid tool behavior," In: Tools-of-the-Trade: Methods, Techniques and Innovative Approaches in Archaeology, J. Wilkins & K. Anderson, eds., pp. 13-29. Calgary: University of Calgary Press: http://creativecommons.org/licenmses/by-nc-nd/3.0/
2016. "Burial law impedes scientific discovery" Science 352:1526
2013a. "The paleobiology of Homo erectus: Implications for understanding the adaptive zone of this species." In Companion to Human Evolution, S. McBrearty, ed. San Diego, CA: Cognella, Inc. (S. Cachel & J.W.K. Harris).
2013b. Review of Early Miocene Paleobiology in Patagonia. High-Latitude Paleocommunities of the Santa Cruz Formation. S.F. Vizcaíno, R.F. Kay, and M.S. Bargo, eds. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. PaleoAnthropology 2013. www.paleoanthro.org/journal
2012a. "Human Evolution, Theories of: The Origins of Human Behavior," in The Oxford Companion to Archaeology, 2nd edition, N.A. Silberman, Editor-in Chief, vol. 2, pp. 34-36. New York: Oxford University Press.
2012b. "Humans, Modern: Peopling of the Globe," in The Oxford Companion to Archaeology, 2nd edition, N.A. Silberman, Editor-in-Chief, vol. 2, pp. 47-51. New York: Oxford University Press.
2012c. Human tool behavior is species-specific and remains unique. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 35(4):20 doi: 10.1017/50140525X11001981.
2011. Anthropology: It can be interdisciplinary. Reply to Kuper and Marks commentary: Anthropologists unite! Nature 471:448 (with 29 co-authors). DOI: 10.1038/471448b
2009a. "Using sexual dimorphism and development to reconstruct mating systems in ancient primates," In: Primatology: Theories, Methods and Research, E. Potocki and J. Krasiński, eds., pp. 75-93. New York: Nova Science Publishers.
2009b. Arboreal origins of hominid bipedalism. Abstracts of the 9th North American Paleontological Convention, p. 105 (abstract). Cincinnati Museum Center. Scientific Contributions no. 3.
2009c. "Natural history intelligence and hominid tool behavior," In: Tools-of-the-Trade: Methods, Techniques and Innovative Approaches in Archaeology, J. Wilkins & K. Anderson, eds., pp. 13-29. Calgary: University of Calgary Press
2008. Does hominid bipedalism arise from arboreal locomotion on flexible branches? American Journal of Physical Anthropology S46:75. (abstract). (S. Cachel & M. Crisfield)
2007. Novelty transmittal and innovative species. Solicited commentary on "Animal innovation defined and operationalized." Behavior and Brain Sciences 30(5):407-408. DOI: 10.1017/S0140525X07002385.
2006a. Use of modern Arctic peoples in modeling past behaviors. American Journal of Physical Anthropology Supplement 42:72 (abstract).
2006b. "The behavioural ecology of early Pleistocene hominids in the Koobi Fora region, East Turkana Basin, northern Kenya," In: Space and Spatial Analysis in Archaeology, E.C. Robertson, J.D. Seibert, D.C. Fernandez, & M.U. Zender, eds., pp. 49-59. Calgary: University of Calgary Press. (S. Cachel & J.W.K. Harris)
2006c. Review of Debating Humankind’s Place in Nature, 1860-2000: The Nature of Paleoanthropology. R.G. Delisle, Pearson Prentice Hall (2006). American Journal of Human Biology 18:867-869.
2005a. Review of The Chimpanzees of the Taï Forest. Behavioural Ecology and Evolution, C. Boesch and H. Boesch-Achermann. New York: Oxford University Press, 2000. PaleoAnthropology (August 2005):21-25. 2005b. Inter-matrilineal feeding competition in Taiwanese macaques (Macaca cyclopis) at Fushan, Taiwan. American Journal of Primatology 66(supplement 1):113-114. (H.-H. Su, L. Lee, & S. Cachel).
2005c. Review of Evolution, 3rd ed., M. Ridley. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing, Ltd., 2004. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 128:493-494 [Online DOI: 10.1002/ajpa.20144].
2004a. The paleobiology of Homo erectus and early hominid dispersal. [solicited article] Special issue on Homo erectus in Athena Review vol. 4(1):23-31.
2004b. Review of From Biped to Strider: The Emergence of Modern Human Walking, Running, and Resource Transport, D.J. Meldrum and C.E. Hilton, eds., New York: Kluwer Academic, 2004. PaleoAnthropology (July 2004):6-9. www.paleoanthro.org/journal.
2004c. Early Pleistocene behavioral adaptations in the Koobi Fora region, East of Lake Turkana, northern Kenya. In: Acts of the XIth Congress of the Panafrican Association for Prehistory and Related Fields, K. Sangogo, T. Togola, D. Keïta, and M. N’Daou, eds., pp. 20-35. Bamako, Mali. (M.J. Rogers, J.W.K. Harris, S.M. Cachel, S. Merritt, B.L. Pobiner, & D.R. Braun)
2003. "Hominidae II. Humans." [commissioned article] In: Grzimek’s Animal Life Encyclopedia, 2nd ed., vol. 14 (Mammals III):241-253.
"Changing hominid foraging strategies in the Plio-Pleistocene: Implications for understanding human brain evolution in the Lake Turkana Basin," Paper presented at the symposium "The Human Brain Evolving: Papers in Honor of Ralph L. Holloway," Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana, Paper presented at the symposium "The Human Brain Evolving: Papers in Honor of Ralph L. Holloway," Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana, April 28, 2007 (J.W.K. Harris, S. Cachel, J. McCoy, M. Kibunjia, E. Mbua, D. Olago, D. Braun, & M. Bamford).
"The first emergence 'Out of Africa': Niche structure of the earliest hominids to colonize Eurasia," INQUA workshop on Understanding Palaeoenvironments during the first "Out of Africa", Nairobi, Kenya, July 24-27, 2006 (S. Cachel & J.W.K. Harris).
"Use of modern Arctic peoples in modeling past behaviors," invited paper at the symposium "From the Arctic to Arizona," Annual Meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists, Anchorage, Alaska, March 9, 2006. "Natural history intelligence and hominid tool behavior," invited paper at the symposium "The Origins of Technology," University of Calgary, Alberta, Canada, November 10, 2005.
"Inter-matrilineal feeding competition in Taiwanese macaques (Macaca cyclopis) at Fushan, Taiwan," annual meeting of the American Society of Primatologists, Portland, Oregon, August, 19, 2005. (H.-H. Su, L.-L. Lee, & S. Cachel)
"Behavioral ecology of early Pleistocene hominids in the Koobi Fora region, East Turkana Basin, Kenya," in the symposium "Hominin Evolution Across Environmental Change," 32nd International Geological Congress, Florence, Italy, August 21, 2004 (S. Cachel & J.W.K. Harris)
"The acquisition of dominance rank in female Taiwanese macaques (Macaca cyclopis) at Fushan Experimental Forest, Taiwan." Annual Meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists, Tempe, AZ, April 24, 2003. [poster] (Hsiu-Hui Su & S. Cachel).
(Ph.D. Universitat Rovira i Vigili, Tarragona, Spain, 2009. Assistant Professor, Anthropology, SAS) Microarchaeology, Site Formation Processes, Phytoliths, FTIR, Diagenesis, Middle to Upper Palaeolithic transition, Neanderthals, Anatomically Modern Humans, Activity Areas, Urban Centres, Levantine Bronze and Iron Age; Europe, the Levant
University Rovira and Virgili (Tarragona), History degree, 2000
University Rovira and Virgili (Tarragona), History, MA, 2002
University Rovira and Virgili (Tarragona), Doctoral Thesis. 2009 Advisors: R.M. Albert and E. Carbonell. Title: The study of formation processes of archaeological sediments and paleosoils through the analysis of phytoilths, minerals and other microremains
2015 – 2016: Plant Foods in Hominin Dietary Ecology Research Group, Department of Human Evolution. Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology (Leipzig, Germany). Post-doctoral researcher.
2012 – 2015: Department of Prehistory, Ancient History and Archaeology, Universitat de Barcelona (Barcelona, Spain). Juan de la Cierva Post-doctoral contract (Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness, Spanish government).
2010–2012: Kimmel Center for Archaeological Science, Weizmann Institute of Science (Rehovot, Israel). Beatriu de Pinós Post-doctoral fellowship (Agaur, Catalonian government).
2009–2010: Institute of Archaeology, Tel-Aviv University (Tel-Aviv, Israel). Post-doctoral fellowship FP-7 CORDIS European Research Council.
2006–2009: Prehistory Department, Universitat Rovira i Virgili (Tarragona, Spain). Atapuerca Fundation pre-doctoral fellowship.
2001–2005: Prehistory Department, Universitat Rovira i Virgili (Tarragona, Spain). Pre-doctoral fellowship Ministry of Science and Education (Spanish government).
Microarchaeology, Middle to Upper Paleolithic Transition, Phytoliths, FTIR, Mineralogy, Fire Technology, Levantine Urban Centers, Paleodemography, Site Formation Processes, Human Evolution
As a microarchaeologist specialized in phytolith and FTIR analysis my capabilities lie halfway between Archaeobotany and Geoarcheology. My main research interest is the evolution of the anthropogenic impact in archaeological sediments as a proxy for biological, social, and economic changes. In other words, I try to understand how human activities had modified the microscopic sedimentary record, and what can this microscopic record tell us about site formation processes, human behavior, and adaptation strategies in the past. To investigate these questions, I focus on the minerals and micro-botanical remains preserved in the archaeological record. So far I studied three critical periods in human history: the emergence of the genus Homo in Africa, the transition from the Middle to Upper Paleolithic in Europe, and the evolution of the urban centers in the Levant. I also have lead ground-breaking research on phytolith preservation and collaborated in the development of a fast method for phytolith analyses.
Publications in Peer-Reviewed Journals
Esteban, I., De Vynck, J.C., Singels, E., Vlok, J., Marean, C.W., Cowling, R.M., Fisher, E.C., Cabanes, D., Albert, R.M. In press. Modern soil phytolith assemblages used as proxies for Paleoscape reconstruction on the south coast of South Africa. Quaternary International.
Vergès, J.M., Burguet-Coca, A., Allué, E., Expósito, I., Guardiola, M., Martín, P., Morales, J.I., Burjachs, F., Cabanes, D., Carrancho, Á., Vallverdú, J. In press. The Mas del Pepet experimental programme for the study of prehistoric livestock practices: Preliminary data from dung burning. Quaternary International.
Sanz, M., Daura, J., Égüez, N., Cabanes, D. In press. On the track of anthropogenic activity in carnivore dens: Altered combustion structures in Cova del Gegant (NE Iberian Peninsula). Quaternary International.
Rodríguez, A., Cabanes, D. In press. Phytolith and FTIR studies applied to combustion structures: the case of the Middle Paleolithic site of El Salt (Alcoy, Alicante). Quaternary International.
Asscher, Y., Cabanes, D., Hitchcok, L., Maeir, A.M., Weiner, S., Boaretto, E. 2015. Radiocarbon Dating Shows an Early Appearance of Philistine Material Culture in Tell es-Safi/Gath, Philistia. Radiocarbon, 57 (5), pp 825-850.
Balbo, A.L., Cabanes, D., García-Granero, J.J., Bonet, A., Ajithprasad, P., Terradas, X. 2015. A microarchaeological approach for the study of pits. Environmental Archaeology, 20 (4), pp. 390-405.
Regev, L., Cabanes, D., Homsher, R., Kleiman, A., Weiner, S., Finkelstein, I., Shahack-Gross, R. In press. Geoarchaeological Investigations in a Domestic Iron Age Quarter, Tel Megiddo, Israel. Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research. BASOR 374, pp. 1–24.
Stutz, A.J., Shea, J.J., Rech, J.A., Pigate, J.S., Wilson, J., Belmaker, M., Albert, R.M., Aprin, T., Cabanes, D., Clark, J.L., Hartman, G., Hourani, F., White, C.E., Nilsson Stuttz, L. 2015. Early Upper Paleolihtic chronology in the Levant: New ABOx-SC accelerator mass spectrometry results from the Mughr el Hamamah Site, Jordan. Journal of Human Evolution, 85, pp. 157-173.
Cabanes, D.; Shahack-Gross R. 2015. Understanding Fossil Phytolith Preservation: The Role of Partial Dissolution in Paleoecology and Archaeology. PLoS ONE 10(5): e0125532. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0125532.
Ackermann, O., Greenbaum, N., Ayalon, A., Bar-Matthews, M., Boaretto, E., Bruins, H.J., Cabanes, D., Howkitz, L.K., Neumann, F.H., Porat, N., Weiss, E., Maeir, A.M. 2014 Using palaeo-environmental proxies to reconstruct natural and anthropogenic controls on sedimentation rates, Tell es-Safi/Gath, eastern Mediterranean. Anthropocene, 8, pp. 70-82.
Shahack-Gross, R., Boaretto, E., Cabanes, D., Katz, O, Finkelstein, I. 2014. Subsistence Economy in the Negev Highlands: The Iron Age and the Byzantine/Early Islamic Period. Levant, 46, 1, pp. 98-117.
Mallol, C., Hernández, C., Cabanes, D., Machado, J., Sistiaga, A., Pérez, L., Galván, B., 2013. Human Actions Performed on Simple Combustion Structures: An Experimental Approach to the Study of Middle Paleolithic Fire. Quaternary International, 315, pp. 3-15.
Mallol, C., Hernández, C.M., Cabanes, D., Sistiaga, A., Machado, J., Rodríguez, A., Pérez, L. Galván, B., 2013. The black layer of Middle Palaeolithic combustion structures, interpretation and archaeostratigraphic interpretations. Journal of Archaeological Science, 40, pp. 2515-2537.
Albert, R.M., Cau, M.Á., Cabanes, D., 2012. Editorial: The international workshop on site formation and post-depositional processes in archaeology (Barcelona, 2-4 June 2010). Quaternary International, 275, 1-3.
Cabanes, D., Gadot, Y., Cabanes, M., Finkelstein, I., Weiner, S., Shahack-Gross, R., 2012. Human impact around settlement sites: a phytolith and mineralogical study for assessing site boundaries, phytolith preservation, and implications for spatial reconstructions using plant remains. Journal of Archaeological Science, 39, 2607-2705.
Cabanes, D., Weiner, S., Shahack-Gross, R., 2011. Stability of phytoliths in the archaeological record: a dissolution study of modern and fossil phytoliths. Journal of Archaeological Science, 38, 2480-2490.
Namdar, D., Zukerman, A., Maeir, A.M., Katz, J.C., Cabanes, D., Trueman, C., Shahack-Gross, R., Weiner, S., 2011. The 9th century BCE destruction layer at Tell es-Safi/Gath, Israel: integrating macro- and microarchaeology. Journal of Archaeological Science, 38, 3471-3482.
Cabanes, D., Albert, R.M., 2011. Microarchaeology of a collective burial: cova des Pas (Minorca). Journal of Archaeological Science, 38, 1119-1126.
Katz, O., Cabanes, D., Weiner, S., Maeir, A.M., Boaretto, E., Shahack-Gross, R., 2010. Rapid phytolith extraction for analysis of phytolith concentrations and assemblages during an excavation: an application at Tell es-Safi/Gath, Israel. Journal of Archaeological Science, 37, 1557-1563.
Cabanes, D., Mallol, C., Expósito, I., Baena, J., 2010. Phytolith evidence for hearths and beds in the late Mousterian occupations of Esquilleu cave (Cantabria, Spain). Journal of Archaeological Science, 37, 2947-2957.
Mallol, C., Cabanes, D., Baena, J., 2010. Microstratigraphy and diagenesis at the upper Pleistocene site of Esquilleu Cave (Cantabria, Spain). Quaternary International, 214, 70-81.
Albert, R.M., Cabanes, D., 2009. Fire in prehistory: An experimental approach to combustion processes and phytolith remains. Israel Journal of Earth Sciences, 56, 175-189.
Cabanes, D., Burjachs, F., Expósito, I., Rodríguez, A., Allué, E., Euba, I., Vergés, J.M., 2009. Formation processes through archaeobotanical remains: The case of the Bronze Age levels in El Mirador cave, Sierra de Atapuerca, Spain.Quaternary International, 193, 160-173.
Albert, R.M., Bamford, M.K., Cabanes, D., 2009. Palaeoecological significance of palms at Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania, based on phytolith remains. Quaternary International, 193, 41-48.
Albert, R.M., Shahack-Gross, R., Cabanes, D., Gilboa, A., Portillo, M., Sharon, I., Boaretto, E., Weiner, S., 2008. Phytolith-rich layers from the Late Bronze and Iron Ages at Tel Dor (Israel): Mode of formation and archaeological significance. Journal of Archaeological Science, 35, 57-75.
Bamford, M.K., Albert, R.M., Cabanes, D., 2006. Plio-Pleistocene macroplant fossil remains and phytoliths from Lowermost Bed II in the eastern paleolake margin of Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania. Quaternary International, 148, 95-112.
Albert, R.M., Bamford, M.K., Cabanes, D., 2006. Taphonomy of phytoliths and macroplants in different soils from Olduvai Gorge (Tanzania) and the application to Plio-Pleistocene palaeoanthropological samples. Quaternary International, 148, 78-94.
Edited Journal Special Issues
Rosa Maria Albert, Miguel Ángel Cau and Dan Cabanes (Eds.) 2012. Site Formation and Postdepositional Processes in Archaeology (International Workshop, Barcelona, 2–4 June 2010). Quaternary International, 275, pp. 1-136.
Allué, E., Cabanes, D., Solé, A., Sala, R. 2012. Hearth Functioning and Forest Resource Exploitation Based on the Archeobotanical Assemblage from Level J in: Carbonell E., (Ed.), High Resolution Archaeology and Neanderthal Behavior. Time and Space in level J of Abric Romaní (Capellades, Spain). Springer Netherlands, Dordretch, pp. 373-385.
Cabanes, D., Allué, E., Vallverdú, J., Cáceres, I., Vaquero, M., Pastó, I., 2007. Hearth structure and function at level J (50kyr, bp) from Abric Romaní (Capellades, Spain): phytolith, charcaoal, bones and stone-tools in: Madella, M., Zurro, D. (Eds.), Plant People and Places - Recent Studies in Phytolith Analysis Oxbow Books, Oxford, pp. 98-106.